Woodland Wildflower identification guide.

The flowers are arranged in blocks of 8 and roughly in the order in which they first come into bloom.

To find out lots more about each of these flowers you will need to consult my book, Woodland Wildflowers by Alan Waterman, available from all good booksellers including Amazon, Blackwells, Waterstones Smiths etc, but better to buy local. All the flowers below are included in the book.


First flowers appearing  in January/February.

    Gorse        Winter Heliotrope        Winter Aconite   Greater Periwinkle  

   Lesser Periwinkle    Snowdrop      Coltsfoot            Spurge Laurel 

Stinking Hellebore     Green Hellebore    Sweet Violet        Saxifrage  (Opposite and Alternate Leaved)

 Barren Strawberry  Dogs Mercury     Giant Butterbur      Lesser Celandine


First flowers appearing in March.

Yellow Star of Bethlehem       Butchers broom     Wood Anemone       Primrose

Ground Ivy            Butterbur                  Wild Daffodil          Spring Crocus


Creeping Buttercup Yellow Pimpernel  Common  and Wood Dog Violet        Wood Spurge

Green Alkanet      Lungwort     White Dead Nettle                Red Campion


First flowers appearing in April

Greater Stitchwort     Cuckooflower       Moschatel         Bilberry

Wood sorrel    Herb Robert     Bugle         Ramsons


Comfrey ( Creeping and Tuberous)  Wild Tulip          Bluebell            American Skunk Cabbage 

   Three-nerved SandwortSheep’s sorrel   Fringe Cups    Garlic Mustard    


First flowers appearing in May

  Wild Strawberry Water Avens       Pink Purslane     Bush Vetch 

 Bitter Vetchling  Cow Parsley   Wood Forget me not      Yellow Archangel  


  Wood SpeedwellToothwort       Woodruff       Early Purple Orchid

  Lords and LadiesWelsh Poppy     Goldilocks Buttercup      False Oxlip   


   Columbine  Monkshood       Climbing Corydalis      Stinging Nettle

    Wood StitchwortCommon Bistort  Narrow-leaved Bittercress  Large Bittercress


Flowers first appearing in June

 Loddon Lily     Black Bryony    White Bryony    Navelwort 

   Herb Bennet        Hogweed      Rough Chervil    Pignut 


Ivy-leaved Speedwell       Thyme-leaved Speedwell       Heath Speedwell         Germander Speedwell


Sanicle    Common Figwort     Shining Cranesbill      Common Cow-wheat 

Ragged Robin   Cleavers            Leopardsbane   Spiked Star of Bethlehem    


Solomons Seal   Lilly of the Valley   Common Spotted Orchid  Common Twayblade 

  Fly Orchid   White and Narrow-leaved Helleborine  Bastard Balm Wood Dock


Common WintergreenSlender St John’s Wort    Herb Paris       Tutsan 

  Creeping JennyMeadow Sweet       Trailing Tormentil    Fragrant Agrimony


Wood VetchGreater Birdsfoot Trefoil     Narrow-leaved Everlasting Pea     Broad-leaved Willow Herb 

American Willow HerbRosebay Willow Herb   Upright Spurge    Caper Spurge


Wood CranesbillGround-elder Wild Angelica Lesser and Common Centaury

Bittersweet      Common Gromwell Hedge Woundwort   Selfheal


Foxglove Ivy Broomrape  Nettle-leaved Bellflower Spreading Bellflower

Wild Madder Common Valerian  Marsh Thistle Nipplewort


Martagon Lilly  Angular Solomon’s Seal Stinking Iris  Greater Butterfly Orchid

Red Helleborine  Birds Nest Orchid  Wall Lettuce  Water Pepper


Pale St John’s Wort  Heather  Orpine  Pale Willow Herb

Greater Willow HerEnchanters Nightshade Hedge Parsley Skullcap


Wood Sage Yellow Birds Nest Giant and Peach-leaved Bellflower Ivy-leaved Bellflower

Small Teasel Goldenrod Ploughman’s Spikenard Heath Cudweed


Sowbread  Burdock   Hemp Agrimony    Narrow-lipped, and Green-flowered Helleborine

Broad-leaved Helleborine    Violet Helleborine Saw wort     Autumn Crocus


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